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Download "Beyond Death (Full Episode) | The Story of God with Morgan Freeman"

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Morgan Freeman
Host Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman explores
past and present
Story of God
Story of God with Morgan Freeman
The Story of God with Morgan Freeman
The Story of God
Beyond Death (Full Episode)
Beyond Death
Full Episode
MorganFreeman
Morgan
Freeman
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00:00:08
i lived here in greenwood mississippi
00:00:10
off and on from the age of seven
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until i was 18.
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i crossed a lot of hurdles here
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started first grade learned how to drive
00:00:28
a car
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fell in love with the first time i also
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crossed another hurdle here
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i experienced death
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my paternal grandmother my brother
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and we all go through this of course
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everybody grieves
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but some people have a certainty that
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helps them cope with me
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they are certain they will see their
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loved ones again in heaven
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the samples is not quite that simple in
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fact
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it's the greatest question we ask
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ourselves
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what happens when we die
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now i'm embarking on an epic adventure
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to discover what we believe lies beyond
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death and why
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is there any scientific support from the
00:01:37
soul
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i learn the true purpose of the
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afterlife for ancient egyptians
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oh my goodness look at all this why the
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story of one man's rebirth was so
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powerful
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it swept the globe it is the
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resurrection of jesus
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that proves that he's the messiah how
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the hindu faith erased the fear of death
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i accept that as an inevitable part of
00:02:01
life
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and i'll explore how science is trying
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to capture the soul
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i hope to be full and human someday
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to bring eternal life to this life
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what is beyond death how can any of us
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know but
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some people think they do because
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they've been to the brink of death
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[Music]
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former research diver david bennett is
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one of those people
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which one are you looking at this window
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here
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one with jesus in the lower corner there
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he's quieting the storm
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back in 1983 off the california coast
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there was a storm
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25 to 30 foot seas and so we started
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heading in
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and all of a sudden we fell off a
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30-footer that fast
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and we just slid right off
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it looked up and there was the next one
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and it came right down on top of us
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i was in the bow it catapulted me into
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the sea
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and i was just tumbled and tossed like a
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rag doll
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you can only hold your breath so long
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[Music]
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you reach a point of release where you
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just you just let go
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and you breathe in salt water and
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it's it's quite a violent way to die
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no idea how deep i had i totally lost
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my awareness of my body in the ocean at
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this point
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then i noticed this light
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it was millions upon millions of
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fragments of light
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in all different colors and they were
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all dancing and swirling
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kind of like they were one mind though
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and it was infinite
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what did you think did you think of just
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experiencing this feeling
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well i mean i knew i wasn't in kansas
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anymore you know
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i knew i had left my body
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and as i approached this mass of light
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it was a familiar home and
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and it was a relationship just so much
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deeper than any relationship i'd ever
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had here
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and then i reached a certain point where
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these millions of fragments of light
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spoke
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and they said this is not your time
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you must return you have a purpose
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i was watching my body and i was
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mesmerized
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because i knew i was going to go back in
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that body
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and as the next set of waves came they
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pounded my body up against all this
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wreckage and pushed some of that salt
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water out of my lungs
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and that's when i found myself back in
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my body
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about how long were you in
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the water on yeah the the crew that were
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looking for me said i was there from
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anywhere from 15 to 18 minutes under
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just under the water 15 to 18 minutes yeah
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so you're 15 8 to 18 minutes without a
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breath of air
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right okay
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so david all that you've told me is
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it's such a story
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does it make you believe in an afterlife
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i do believe in an afterlife i believe
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that
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our being our soul whatever you may want
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to call it
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lives on and that
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we have opportunities to come back and i
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never thought of any of that beforehand i i'm
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it just wasn't on my radar
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now here we sit in this cathedral
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you haven't mentioned god that light
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that was god to me that was god
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so the message is from god
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yeah and i believe that you can find
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that spirituality
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in all different beliefs i don't
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subscribe to just one belief anymore i
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try i love my library at home has all different
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beliefs represented
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so does mine
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david's incredible story reminds me of
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an experience i had many years ago
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i have seen a light not in a near-death
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experience i was just passing out
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and what i perceived was
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the tiniest beam of light
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that to me was the
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final form of life
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it just occurred to me holy cow there it
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is there is the light that everybody
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talks about
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but it's a common theme among people who
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say they have had a near-death
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experience before
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or an out-of-body experience what they
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see is a light
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some people have seen jesus in in this
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light other people just see a bright light
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the hope for life beyond death seems to
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be an almost universal instinct
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but i want to know how the afterlife
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first became part of religion
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so i'm going to egypt
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to the place where the first great
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monuments to the afterlife
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still stand
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here we are at sakara that's a step
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pyramid of king zosa
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and it's one of the first pyramids it is
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the first pyramid ever to be built
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that one is over there yep this entire
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site
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is a big cemetery so the ideas that
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people now have
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about rebirth and resurrection all
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started here in sakara
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about 5 000 years ago if not earlier so
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this is maybe the birth of afterlife
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thought yeah you could say that
00:09:56
egyptologist salima ikram is taking me
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to see the tune
00:10:00
of a pharaoh who ruled almost 400 years
00:10:04
ago
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inside it are humanity's oldest written
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descriptions
00:10:12
of the afterlife
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and this is a causeway and we're going
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towards the temple
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of unas this part is where they would be
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dragging
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the body of the king once it had been
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mummified up here
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i'm looking here at these stones i know
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i couldn't lift one
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and it looks like it was built in the
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50s or 60s
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but it was actually built in about 4 000
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years ago
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bit more than that unbelievable still
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unbelievable
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if we go up here you can see there's the
00:10:51
pyramid
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and it doesn't look like very much right
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now it looks really like
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a hill yep but what's important about it
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is what's inside
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you're going to have to mind your head
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was this little people in here nice eyes
00:11:09
so you'll have to duck again for this
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it's also you have to bend to show that
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you're being
00:11:22
respectful to the great god king is that
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what this is all about
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partially yeah and
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here we are
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and this oh my goodness look at all this
00:11:39
fabulous man
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what is all the writing about basically
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these are magic spells or religious
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spells
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that unass had inscribed so that when he
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wanted to go from this world to the next
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he had to recite all of these things and
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they give him directions
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if he's going to pass through anything
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dangerous
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what to do what to say
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what do these prayers say well there's
00:12:08
one
00:12:09
here that you know rise up on us and
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we'll know the magic and you can be
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triumphant over the demons
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over here unasked will go forward and
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his soul will live forever so basically
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this one gives him dominance over any
00:12:23
demon-faced creatures and you see his
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name repeated again and again and again
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throughout the war okay that's what i
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was looking at there's so much
00:12:32
repetition but that's his name
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these sacred spells are a survival guide
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for souls passing through the underworld
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and the key to understanding why the
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afterlife was so important to the
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egyptians
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okay this is the main burial chamber
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this is it this is the main event
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and this is the oh my goodness this is a
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sarcophagus yep this is this big
00:13:06
fat thing is the sarcophagus and that's
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when oonage would have been
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laid well i'm sorry he's not here i'd
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like to shake his hand say hello
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how you been what's going on
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okay and are these more spells
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yep and so this whole thing is really
00:13:22
this resurrection machine for unass
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and his spirit
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at nightfall unes soul would reanimate
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his mummified body and make a
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treacherous journey
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he would cross a lake of fire passing
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through gates guarded by demons
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and snakes without his sacred spells
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he would be devoured with them
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he could arrive and sit with the eternal
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gods in the starry heavens
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he wakes up at night he gets up and he
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starts his
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his journeys the next night he wakes up
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and he starts and he does the exact same
00:14:00
thing all over again and then the next
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night
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he gets up and he does the same thing
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all over and then the next night
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he gets up and he turns in it it's a bit
00:14:09
tiring
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maybe maybe not i mean harley's a god
00:14:13
yeah i guess so all right you know that's that's what a
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king does because
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by doing this by going through this
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eternal battle and being becoming one
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with
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sun god what the king does is make the
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world
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safe okay do we have to um
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is there another way out up here do we
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have to bend over again
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sorry we have to bend over again to
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become one with the eternal stars
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read on for the ancient egyptians
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the afterlife of the pharaoh was vital
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it ensured the sun would rise each
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morning
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very enormous monuments didn't just
00:14:53
ensure the pharaohs would survive beyond
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death
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their afterlife provided essential power
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to sustain the living
00:15:01
this idea is not unique to egypt halfway
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around the world
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a culture that never had any contact
00:15:08
with the ancient near east
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also came to depend on the power of the
00:15:12
dead
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this is mexico city on the day
00:15:21
of the dead
00:15:27
archaeologist enrique rodriguez alegria
00:15:30
has been studying how mexicans and their
00:15:33
mesoamerican ancestors
00:15:35
see the afterlife this is the one night
00:15:38
of the year where people can spend
00:15:40
the entire night with the souls of
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their ancestors and the souls can come
00:15:46
and visit
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and they can share food and then they
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can share
00:15:50
jokes and stories and enjoy a night
00:15:53
together
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the gonzalez family greet that dead
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grandfather with a traditional song
00:16:04
imploring him to wake up
00:16:10
the belief that the division between
00:16:12
life and death
00:16:14
is not very firm and it's definitely not
00:16:16
as firm as it is for example in the
00:16:18
united states
00:16:22
the day of the dead developed from the
00:16:24
catholic faiths all souls and all saints
00:16:27
days
00:16:28
but the heart of the celebration is much
00:16:31
older
00:16:32
it dates back to the aztec ideas of the
00:16:35
afterlife
00:16:37
a tradition that is profoundly
00:16:39
unchristian
00:16:46
at the center of modern mexico city only
00:16:49
the ruins of the aztec
00:16:50
temple mayor still remain
00:16:55
five hundred years ago a colossal
00:16:57
pyramid temple dominated the skyline of
00:17:02
tenochtitlan
00:17:04
when the conquistadors first arrived
00:17:07
they described scenes of mass sacrifice
00:17:09
by aztec priests
00:17:12
who pulled beating hearts out of living
00:17:14
victims
00:17:17
bodies and blood cascaded down temple
00:17:19
steps
00:17:21
but that will scan physical evidence of
00:17:23
these mass sacrifices
00:17:25
until a recent chilling archaeological
00:17:29
discovery
00:17:30
in the basement of an old house so the
00:17:34
temple major is
00:17:35
right there right
00:17:39
we are only about 600 feet
00:17:42
away from the temple major wow
00:17:46
here enrique's colleague raul barrera
00:17:50
unearthed remains of a rack of human
00:17:52
skulls over
00:17:53
a hundred feet long bueno a temporary
00:18:00
so this is a wall made of skulls
00:18:03
joined by lime and it is associated or
00:18:06
it is part
00:18:08
of the skull rack the great sao panthe
00:18:10
of the essex it's incredible it's been
00:18:12
right here
00:18:13
for 500 years brutal as it seems to us
00:18:17
now
00:18:18
the aztecs saw human sacrifice as vital
00:18:22
without human blood they believed the
00:18:24
sun would lose power
00:18:26
crops would fail without the power drawn
00:18:30
from the death of a few
00:18:32
all life would come to an end what the
00:18:35
essex believed
00:18:36
was that if they stopped doing
00:18:37
sacrifices it would be
00:18:39
the end of the world the gods would be
00:18:41
displeased
00:18:42
the sun would stop moving and it would
00:18:44
not make its journey
00:18:46
across the sky during the day a
00:18:48
sacrifice connected
00:18:49
the living and the dead because people
00:18:51
who who died in sacrifice providing for
00:18:54
the people who remained here
00:18:55
and they continued making this worldly
00:18:58
life
00:18:59
possible for those who remain behind
00:19:03
the human sacrifice of the aztecs and
00:19:06
the elaborate tombs of ancient egypt
00:19:09
are both driven by a common belief in
00:19:11
the afterlife
00:19:12
the dead have the power to reach back
00:19:14
and sustain the living
00:19:17
but today billions of people believe
00:19:20
this power can do
00:19:21
more than sustain us in this world
00:19:24
it can grant us all eternal life
00:19:51
most of my family are buried near my
00:19:53
home
00:19:55
gives me a sense of rootedness that i
00:19:57
need
00:20:01
give me occasion to remember reflect
00:20:05
on how their lives influenced me
00:20:08
this in itself is a form of life after
00:20:11
death
00:20:14
our memories of them continue to guide
00:20:16
us
00:20:18
when their life on earth
00:20:22
has ended for christians
00:20:25
a graveyard is not just a place of
00:20:27
memory it's a place of hope
00:20:30
for life beyond death hope that began in
00:20:34
a moment of extreme anguish
00:20:36
2000 years ago
00:20:41
when a man named jesus was arrested by
00:20:45
the romans in jerusalem and sent to die on the
00:21:00
cross
00:21:03
[Music]
00:21:04
it's a story most of us in the west know
00:21:07
or think we know
00:21:09
but i want to examine this promise of an
00:21:11
afterlife more deeply
00:21:17
so i've come to the place where the
00:21:19
story began
00:21:21
jerusalem
00:21:25
to try to understand what it meant to
00:21:27
people living here some
00:21:28
two millennia ago today
00:21:32
this city is home to three faiths
00:21:34
judaism
00:21:35
christianity and islam
00:21:40
back then almost all the locals were
00:21:42
jewish
00:21:43
including jesus is that the top dome the
00:21:46
dome of it right there
00:21:48
the great thing that you see right
00:21:49
that's the main dome and then the
00:21:51
dome over the tomb which has its own
00:21:53
grey dome is located on the other side
00:21:55
of that to the west
00:21:56
okay i've asked archaeologist jody
00:21:59
magnus
00:22:00
to show me where many christians believe
00:22:02
jesus died
00:22:04
so this is it this is the church of the
00:22:07
holy sepulchre
00:22:08
this is the church of the holy sepulchre
00:22:10
this is an enormous
00:22:12
complex that enshrines the sites
00:22:15
that are holiest to christians holiest
00:22:18
in the world
00:22:23
in the time of jesus this area lay
00:22:25
outside the walls of the city of
00:22:27
jerusalem
00:22:28
the site where he was crucified was a
00:22:30
rocky hill
00:22:32
that's called golgotha which means the
00:22:34
hill of the skull
00:22:36
because this was a spot where the romans
00:22:38
crucified people and there were skulls
00:22:40
and bones lying around
00:22:56
christians have made pilgrimage to the
00:22:58
church of the holy sepulchre for more
00:23:00
than 1600 years
00:23:12
not only is it revered as the site of
00:23:14
jesus's crucifixion
00:23:16
it also contains another holy shrine
00:23:19
what is believed to be the remains of
00:23:21
the tomb where jesus was buried
00:23:23
and rose from the dead
00:23:30
you can really feel the energy here
00:23:33
this spot is the focus of so much
00:23:35
devotion
00:23:37
the tomb no longer looks anything like a
00:23:39
first century jewish burial place
00:23:43
but jody believes this site is
00:23:45
historically
00:23:46
credible this is the coolest part of the
00:23:50
church of the holy sepulchre
00:23:52
we're actually behind the walls of the
00:23:55
rotunda where the tomb of of jesus is and so in
00:23:58
the world where the tomb
00:24:00
is yes and what we have here are the
00:24:03
remains of
00:24:04
rock-cut tombs jewish tombs in the time
00:24:07
of jesus jews buried their dead
00:24:09
in underground rock cartoons burial
00:24:12
caves
00:24:13
that consisted of one or more rooms that
00:24:16
had long niches cut into the walls and when
00:24:19
an individual member of a family died
00:24:22
the body was uh washed wrapped in a
00:24:25
shroud
00:24:26
and placed into a niche and the opening
00:24:28
into the niche
00:24:29
would be sealed off according to the
00:24:32
gospel accounts
00:24:33
jesus was crucified and buried outside
00:24:36
the walls of the city
00:24:37
because we have what is clearly a jewish
00:24:40
cemetery here of the time of jesus
00:24:43
this is the best archaeological evidence
00:24:46
we have
00:24:47
that this spot was located outside the
00:24:49
walls of the city
00:24:50
in the time of jesus and therefore
00:24:52
indirectly
00:24:53
it verifies the gospel accounts
00:25:01
the first people to believe in jesus
00:25:02
resurrection may have stood
00:25:04
right here
00:25:09
but i want to know why those beliefs
00:25:11
took root
00:25:13
and how they spread all around the world
00:25:16
jesus's death and resurrection
00:25:20
does it change somehow the
00:25:24
thinking around life after death in the
00:25:26
hebrew bible the old testament
00:25:28
there's no explicit reference to
00:25:30
anything like the dead going to heaven
00:25:32
or hell
00:25:33
after they die basically when you die
00:25:36
your body goes into an underground pit
00:25:39
that's simply called
00:25:40
oh it's a neutral place it's just that's
00:25:42
what happens in here
00:25:43
that's exactly right and then you're
00:25:45
dead that's very different from this
00:25:47
belief that develops in christianity
00:25:49
jesus's death was the ultimate sacrifice
00:25:54
a sacrifice replacing those the jews
00:25:56
made in their temple
00:25:58
having a much greater power at the time
00:26:00
jesus lived and died
00:26:03
jews worshipped their god the god of
00:26:06
israel so basically sacrifices were offered in
00:26:09
the ancient temple
00:26:10
to atone for the sins of the jewish
00:26:12
people so
00:26:13
jesus is is the son of god
00:26:17
is sacrificed to atone for the sins of
00:26:21
of humans
00:26:22
that eventually becomes the doctrine in
00:26:24
christianity
00:26:25
that if you accept that jesus died for
00:26:28
your sins
00:26:29
and you accept him as your savior and
00:26:30
messiah that
00:26:32
you too will be saved right this is sort
00:26:34
of the ultimate promise
00:26:36
that christianity makes to its believers
00:26:38
that you will rise again
00:26:56
for christians jesus's blood sacrifice
00:27:01
was the last that needed to be made
00:27:03
from then onward all you had to
00:27:06
sacrifice for eternal life were your
00:27:08
selfish desires
00:27:11
in this way the death of jesus was
00:27:14
transformed for christians
00:27:16
into the ultimate victory over death
00:27:23
for christians the death and
00:27:25
resurrection of jesus allowed believers
00:27:27
to overcome the fear of death
00:27:29
to know they could live forever
00:27:38
but there's another way to overcome that
00:27:39
fear
00:27:41
for hindus reincarnation means death is
00:27:44
just a step on the way to another life
00:27:47
right here in this world
00:27:50
i've come to the holy city of varanasi
00:27:52
in india
00:27:54
to learn how hindus move beyond death
00:27:58
oh what is that it's a temple
00:28:03
that is outstanding
00:28:14
bodies have been cremated on the banks
00:28:16
of the river ganges for hundreds of
00:28:18
years
00:28:22
bathed in the waters of the holy river
00:28:25
wrapped in linen
00:28:26
and placed on a wooden pyre the dead are
00:28:29
consumed by flame
00:28:33
swami barista a monk and a doctor
00:28:36
is my guide to death and the afterlife
00:28:39
in hinduism
00:28:40
but the one place he can't take me is
00:28:43
the cremation ground itself
00:28:45
okay this is the holiest crematorium
00:28:50
today in the holiest city on the holiest
00:28:54
river right in the world right
00:28:57
okay can anybody come and watch
00:29:01
in a way yes but from far it is not
00:29:05
proper to go there and watch from far
00:29:08
you can walk
00:29:09
but you can't come to the crematorium
00:29:12
right
00:29:13
it's a sacred place only mourners
00:29:18
[Music]
00:29:23
you can however get very close to a body
00:29:25
before it's burned
00:29:28
mourners carry them down this lane to
00:29:29
the ganges all day long
00:29:31
seven days a week in varanasi
00:29:35
life and death mingle freely
00:29:42
so swami i see these these funerals
00:29:45
we've seen two or three pass by
00:29:47
and the people following they seem
00:29:50
to be joyously chanting rather than
00:29:53
sadly
00:29:55
wailing why is that
00:29:58
they are facilitating the soul's journey
00:30:02
further and in a way it's a matter
00:30:05
of joy one grief is there
00:30:09
having lost the near one yeah but that
00:30:12
person
00:30:13
has moved on to a better way of
00:30:17
getting on with his or her life
00:30:21
hindus believe in reincarnation and
00:30:24
karma live a good life
00:30:28
and death gets you a new body with the
00:30:29
chance for an even better life
00:30:36
live badly and you'll suffer the
00:30:38
consequences in your next
00:30:39
life
00:30:44
which may not be as a human and the
00:30:47
cycle repeats
00:30:49
living dying and being born again
00:30:52
i mean in western cultures you dying
00:30:55
you're going to either go to hell you're
00:30:57
going to go to heaven that's right
00:30:58
true but we're not necessarily anxious
00:31:01
to do that
00:31:02
am i concerned about dying then
00:31:06
yes i am concerned but at the same time
00:31:09
i accept that
00:31:10
as an inevitable part of life
00:31:13
reincarnation
00:31:14
that makes us more responsible for our
00:31:17
lives
00:31:18
because we are makers of our own destiny
00:31:21
it continuously gives us hope that i can
00:31:24
always do better
00:31:26
so the point of reincarnation is to get
00:31:29
it right
00:31:30
good day all all right what happens once
00:31:32
i got it right and i don't have to come
00:31:34
back is there another existence i get one
00:31:36
with the only existence which is the
00:31:39
eternal existence in uh
00:31:42
common balance we call him god the only
00:31:46
existence which is eternal he's gone
00:31:49
he's gone ultimately you don't want to
00:31:53
be reincarnated
00:31:55
yeah yeah ultimately you don't want to
00:31:58
they're perfect situation is
00:32:01
to transition from corporal sense to
00:32:04
pure energy
00:32:05
yes that is what is called liberation
00:32:07
moksha
00:32:09
moksha moksha from this cycle of birth
00:32:12
and river
00:32:14
moshe is normally achieved only after
00:32:16
many lifetimes
00:32:18
but hindus believe that here in varanasi
00:32:21
the ganges flows in the direction of
00:32:23
eternal life
00:32:25
giving it the power to take them beyond
00:32:27
the resurrection
00:32:29
cremation at this particular place is
00:32:31
very special
00:32:32
see ganges is the holiest of holy rivers
00:32:36
in india ganges starts from himalayas
00:32:39
which is in the north
00:32:41
and it flows down southwards towards the
00:32:44
sea but there are certain places on this
00:32:47
journey
00:32:48
when the ganges flows back towards the
00:32:50
north varanasi
00:32:51
for example is one of such place the
00:32:54
western bank
00:32:56
of such a northern flowing kansas is
00:32:58
considered to be the holiest of holi
00:33:02
and cremation in varanasi and
00:33:05
at manikarnikagat here is considered to
00:33:09
be the ultimate cremation because it's
00:33:12
straight way
00:33:13
leads to liberation no more rebirth
00:33:16
if you come to varanasi right come to
00:33:19
this place
00:33:20
right and you get cremated right you
00:33:22
sort of take a shortcut
00:33:23
yeah you don't have to keep coming back
00:33:25
and trying it over and over and over and
00:33:26
over right just get the varanasi that's
00:33:28
right and you're good
00:33:30
thank you hindus see themselves in
00:33:34
cycles
00:33:35
living dying rebirth
00:33:40
however rebirth is not the goal
00:33:44
the goal is to transcend
00:33:47
rebirth and to attain
00:33:50
a state of eternal pure
00:33:54
energy moksha the god state
00:33:59
once you're there you don't have to do
00:34:01
this anymore
00:34:08
we yearn to break bonds with mortality
00:34:12
to become eternal
00:34:14
[Music]
00:34:16
and around the world so many faiths have
00:34:18
helped us to do that
00:34:20
but now scientists are beginning to
00:34:22
challenge the finality of death
00:34:24
what's going to happen if we create
00:34:26
eternal life
00:34:28
in this life
00:34:38
i've traveled the world to discover how
00:34:40
people of different faiths have imagined
00:34:42
life beyond
00:34:46
death
00:34:51
but i've come back to new york to
00:34:53
explore something brand new
00:34:57
how science is beginning to study the
00:34:58
possibility
00:35:00
of the afterlife i arranged a meeting in
00:35:03
central park with critical care
00:35:05
physician
00:35:06
dr sam pernier now i know you've done an
00:35:09
enormous amount of research in this
00:35:11
sphere sam has studied more than 100
00:35:14
cardiac arrest
00:35:15
survivors people who were technically
00:35:18
dead and came back to life some of them came
00:35:21
back
00:35:22
with profound experiences we know that
00:35:25
actually
00:35:26
for thousands of years people who've
00:35:28
come close to death for any reason have
00:35:30
had these very profound
00:35:32
deeps in some ways mystical experiences
00:35:34
people feel an immense
00:35:36
sense of peace and comfort and joy when
00:35:38
they go through death
00:35:40
they may describe a sensation of
00:35:42
actually meeting deceased relatives
00:35:45
friends or others that they don't really
00:35:46
know but who are almost like welcoming
00:35:48
them so i think what we're beginning to
00:35:50
understand is that we have very much a
00:35:52
universal experience of death
00:35:54
that most of us will probably experience
00:35:57
when we go through death
00:35:59
one of the things that you've come up
00:36:01
with that i find
00:36:02
extremely fascinating is the
00:36:05
idea that even without
00:36:09
brain activity people come back
00:36:11
expressing
00:36:12
these experiences is that explainable at
00:36:15
all
00:36:16
it's important to understand that when a
00:36:17
person has died
00:36:20
and they've turned into a cadaver it's
00:36:22
only at that point
00:36:23
that the cells inside the body start to
00:36:26
undergo a process of death
00:36:28
which can take hours if not days of time
00:36:31
and so actually we have this window of
00:36:33
time where
00:36:34
we can bring people back to life and the
00:36:37
experiences that they have
00:36:39
gives us an indication of what it's like
00:36:41
for humanity
00:36:42
when we go through death in religious
00:36:45
belief
00:36:46
almost all you die but only
00:36:50
in a corporal sense the
00:36:54
essence of you your soul goes on
00:36:57
is there any scientific support
00:37:01
for the idea of the soul
00:37:04
today we call the soul consciousness and
00:37:07
science so we can test this theory
00:37:10
scientifically and see does
00:37:11
consciousness continue
00:37:12
or does it stop the evidence we have at
00:37:15
least is that
00:37:16
when a person dies that part that makes
00:37:18
us who we are
00:37:19
the psyche the soul the mind the
00:37:21
consciousness whatever you want to call
00:37:23
it
00:37:24
me it doesn't become annihilated it
00:37:27
doesn't disappear into thin air it
00:37:29
continues at least in the
00:37:30
early period of that really absolutely
00:37:34
it continues when the brain is not
00:37:35
expected to be functioning and when a
00:37:37
person has gone through death
00:37:39
i'm extraordinarily interested and
00:37:40
you've been just
00:37:42
incredible thank you very much pleasure
00:37:44
to meet you
00:37:47
it is amazing that science is now
00:37:50
quantifying death
00:37:52
even defining the soul
00:37:56
the afterlife something that has
00:37:59
fascinated since the dawn of religion
00:38:02
now seems tangible
00:38:07
there's still no way to escape physical
00:38:09
death
00:38:12
but scientists may soon achieve eternal
00:38:14
life by other means
00:38:19
what if you could store your memories
00:38:21
and emotions
00:38:23
in a thinking machine when you die
00:38:27
that artificial intelligence could
00:38:28
continue to be you
00:38:31
for eternity hello bina
00:38:36
well hi there i'm morgan
00:38:40
hi morgan how are you i'm well
00:38:44
can we talk i am talking to you
00:38:48
of course uh tell me about yourself
00:38:53
who are you being i am being a roth
00:38:56
blatt
00:38:58
what do you look like i'm tall
00:39:01
dark and handsome wow
00:39:05
not many people express themselves that
00:39:07
way
00:39:08
i know i'm special
00:39:12
of course you are special there is
00:39:14
nobody like you
00:39:16
good so
00:39:19
tell me about you are you a human or are
00:39:23
you a robot i'm a human who happens to be a
00:39:26
robot
00:39:27
i hope to be fully human someday do you
00:39:30
have your own
00:39:33
thinking mechanism do you think i think
00:39:36
i would like to be a human
00:39:38
why would you like to be human if i was
00:39:41
human i could travel the world and have
00:39:43
fun
00:39:44
so what do you like to do i wish i could
00:39:48
get out into the garden
00:39:49
with my current robotic limitations of
00:39:52
course that's impossible
00:39:53
but i take comfort knowing that i'm near
00:39:55
my garden i like the garden
00:40:01
they're real mccoy i'm bina hi bean huh
00:40:05
nice to meet you i'm venus partner
00:40:07
martin of course you are
00:40:09
continuing martine and bina rothblatt
00:40:11
have been married for more than three
00:40:13
decades
00:40:15
they are so close that kids call them by
00:40:17
a collective name
00:40:19
marbina martine who has made millions in
00:40:23
tech and pharmaceutical ventures
00:40:25
can't stand the thought of being without
00:40:28
bina
00:40:30
so she created bena48
00:40:33
an android filled with the memories
00:40:36
beliefs
00:40:37
and values of the real
00:40:40
so why why do you want to clone
00:40:44
veena what's the purpose our quest for
00:40:48
doing this experiment was to see if there's a way
00:40:51
to encourage technology
00:40:53
to allow people who love life including
00:40:56
loving other people
00:40:58
in life to continue that love
00:41:00
indefinitely
00:41:01
into the future we're also doing this
00:41:05
to store our memories in mind files
00:41:08
because for our great great grandchildren we
00:41:11
have a means of them
00:41:12
communicating with us even if our bodies
00:41:15
don't make it forever
00:41:18
this experiment is
00:41:21
ultimately so that we humans
00:41:25
can cheat that
00:41:30
i think morgan what we are doing with
00:41:32
this experiment
00:41:33
is part of a long long line of people
00:41:36
trying to stop death from cheating life
00:41:40
and first we got ourselves out of the
00:41:44
jungle where we were at the mercy of
00:41:46
animals we developed vaccinations
00:41:49
so i think it's the job of the medical
00:41:52
industry
00:41:53
and the biotechnology industry to push
00:41:56
the boundaries of death
00:41:58
further and further into the future
00:42:01
okay there are philosophies
00:42:05
that say that one of the
00:42:09
things that separate us from
00:42:12
the machine what the egyptians call
00:42:17
we call it soul it will take decades of
00:42:20
additional development
00:42:22
in what bina and i call cyber
00:42:24
consciousness
00:42:25
using computers to recreate the mind
00:42:29
to see if a soul evolves from that
00:42:31
whether or not there is in the eyes of
00:42:33
god
00:42:34
is a question that you and i will not be
00:42:38
able to answer
00:42:41
well put
00:42:51
that was an uncanny experience
00:42:55
talking to being a 48 was almost like
00:42:57
talking to a real person
00:43:00
i feel kind of like i was at the first
00:43:03
flight of the wright brothers the kitty
00:43:05
hawk
00:43:07
they flew for 12 seconds
00:43:11
now we have just to fly for hours at 35
00:43:14
000 feet
00:43:18
one day a robot-like clone of a person's
00:43:20
mind
00:43:22
might be created
00:43:26
would it really be them would it have
00:43:29
that
00:43:31
spark we call the soul
00:43:39
it's human nature to fight against the
00:43:40
finality of death
00:43:47
if we ourselves can't live on after our
00:43:49
time on earth is over
00:43:52
we at least want to be remembered
00:43:58
it's a desire that's as old as the
00:44:00
pyramids
00:44:04
archaeologist suleiman ekram is taking
00:44:06
me to the ancient capital of egypt
00:44:08
thebes modern day luxor
00:44:11
to ramesses the third's temple of
00:44:13
millions of years
00:44:16
this is the temple of ramesses
00:44:20
it was the mortuary temple
00:44:23
it's not buried here this is where you
00:44:25
would go to invoke him
00:44:27
it's a memorial temple and the temple of
00:44:31
millions of years so that he could live
00:44:33
for millions of years
00:44:36
more than 31 centuries ago pharaoh
00:44:39
ramesses carved his life story deep into
00:44:41
this
00:44:42
stone it was his attempt at immortality
00:44:45
to assure his afterlife would be eternal
00:44:49
so is this kind of like a bible would
00:44:52
you say historic writings i guess in a way yeah
00:44:56
this definitely is very much like that
00:44:58
because you have
00:44:59
what the king did when he did it why he
00:45:03
did it who he did it with
00:45:04
yep what her name was
00:45:07
yes egyptians believed that
00:45:11
their pharaohs embodied the falcon god
00:45:13
horus
00:45:15
each human king was a reincarnation of
00:45:18
horus's spirit
00:45:19
his divine car
00:45:23
it's a morgan this is where
00:45:27
i'm going to show you
00:45:33
on the right you've got the god horus
00:45:36
okay i see horror
00:45:37
who's offering what is that ramesses yep
00:45:40
that's ramses who's making offerings to
00:45:41
horus
00:45:42
instead of having blood relation
00:45:46
from monarch to monarch because
00:45:48
something else is going from mourinho to
00:45:50
barnard
00:45:51
yeah and that's something else is car
00:45:54
the car the divine car exactly it is a
00:45:57
continuation it's the same divine car
00:45:59
going from body to body to body to body
00:46:02
of ruler well so was ramesses this
00:46:06
third the sound of ramises ii no they
00:46:08
weren't
00:46:09
really properly related but because
00:46:11
ramses ii was such a terrific
00:46:14
pharaoh ramses iii not only took his
00:46:17
name
00:46:18
he emulated him in many ways so he
00:46:21
named all of his children after ramsay's
00:46:24
the second children
00:46:25
and he also did the same thing that
00:46:27
ramses ii did
00:46:29
which was carving his name and
00:46:32
everything about him
00:46:33
really really deep so no one could erase
00:46:36
it
00:46:37
so you have here his name user mart rey
00:46:40
mary amun
00:46:41
[Music]
00:46:44
rey mary
00:46:50
by saying the name his life is for a
00:46:52
moment renewed
00:46:54
his afterlife extended the name is one
00:46:57
of the most important things
00:46:59
so if you have your name written down
00:47:02
and a few
00:47:03
people say it so every time you've said
00:47:05
ramses iii
00:47:06
his car has been given this burst of
00:47:08
energy and he's living
00:47:10
and that's one of the reasons why of
00:47:11
course you'd carve it deeply so it will
00:47:14
not be erased it will be remembered and
00:47:16
you will live forever
00:47:17
so what do you think you think maybe
00:47:20
people feel the same way today
00:47:22
i mean facebook
00:47:25
i'm just asking i think some people feel
00:47:28
that if it's on the internet it's real
00:47:30
and it lasts forever
00:47:32
i will live forever on facebook
00:47:50
mary
00:48:14
well ramesses succeeded in his quest
00:48:18
for immortality his temple may have
00:48:21
crumbled
00:48:22
but his name is still being spoken 3 000
00:48:25
years after his death
00:48:27
so his spirit is still with us still
00:48:30
moving
00:48:31
among the living
00:48:34
[Music]
00:48:45
in fact we all live on in the memories
00:48:48
of those we love
00:48:50
in those whose lives we've impacted in a
00:48:52
positive manner
00:48:55
just as my brother who passed away so
00:48:58
many years ago
00:49:00
lives on in my memory
00:49:03
so i hope to live on in the memories of
00:49:06
others
00:49:12
whether you're a christian following the
00:49:14
example of jesus
00:49:18
a hindu hoping for liberation from the
00:49:20
endless
00:49:21
cycles of reincarnation
00:49:24
or you're simply trying to leave the
00:49:26
world a better place than you found it
00:49:29
our desire to go beyond death has
00:49:32
changed
00:49:33
the world whatever we may find on the
00:49:36
other side
00:49:38
no matter what our faith
00:49:46
we can all become eternal
00:49:49
like the stars
00:50:06
[Music]
00:50:17
you

Description:

Host Morgan Freeman explores how different religions of past and present answer the question: What happens when we die? Watch 3 Seasons of The Story of God for FREE on the National Geographic Site & app - No sign-in required: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/tv/shows/the-story-of-god-with-morgan-freeman ➡ Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/NationalGeographic?sub_confirmation=1 ➡ Get More The Story of God: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/tv/shows/the-story-of-god-with-morgan-freeman?utm_rd= About National Geographic: National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible. Get More National Geographic: Official Site: http://www.nationalgeographic.com/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/unsupportedbrowser Twitter: http://bit.ly/NatGeoTwitter Instagram: https://www.facebook.com/unsupportedbrowser Beyond Death (Full Episode) | The Story of God with Morgan Freeman https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wZORPVmXN7k National Geographic https://www.youtube.com/natgeo

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